Prepping Supplies - 18 Basics for When The SHTF

18 Basic Prepping Supplies

For When the SHTF

 

When it comes to preparing for an emergency situation it's important to start with the most important prepping supplies and then improve on your preps as you move forward. Here is a list of the most basic supplies that every family should keep in their homes.

Basic Prepping Supplies

 

Water: You can probably survive 3 weeks without food but most people can only go 3 days without clean drinking water. Water is the most basic and important of all prepping supplies.

So what is your plan for having clean water when the taps run dry? Do you have enough water stored to get you and your family through a crisis? Is there a supply of clean water nearby that you could take advantage of? Do you have the tools and supplies you need to purify water?

Food: Most families in America have less than a one month food supply in their homes at any given time. And food is second when it comes to prepping supplies. Take the time to asses and supplement your own supply so you know how long you could survive if the supermarket shelves were empty or if it wasn't safe to leave your house.

Basic Hygiene Supplies: Toilet paper, soap, hand sanitizer. Click here to read more about the basic personal hygiene supplies to keep in case water becomes scarce.

First Aid Kit: In the event of a disaster or crisis Hospitals are quickly overrun. Click here to read more about the basic supplies you need for a good survival first aid kit.

A Sewing Kit: Aside from its obvious use a sewing kit could become necessary to suture wounds.

Gasoline: It's a good idea to always fill your gas tank when it reaches half full. You should also consider keeping an emergency supply of gasoline, especially if you plan to use a gas powered generator if the power goes out. In an emergency situation Gas stations are likely to run out quickly, or at the very least ration what gas is available.

Self Defense Gear: Whether it's a knife, a gun (don't forget plenty of ammo), an axe, pepper spray or all of the above get the supplies you need to defend your home and family BEFORE the SHTF.

A Flashlight: In addition to candles when the power goes out you will need a flashlight and/or lantern. And don't forget to keep a supply of batteries on hand! You can also purchase a Solar Lantern. Let the sun charge it up during the day and it will provide you with light when he sun goes down.

A Radio: In order to keep up on what's going on in the outside world you'll need at least a basic radio. Get either solar, battery powered or hand cranked in case there is no power.

Communication equipment: There's a good chance that you'll no longer have access to your cell phone or the internet. It's one of the more advanced prepping supplies but in order to communicate with the outside world you may need a CB Radio. Also, have a predetermined place set up where you will meet with your group in case you're not able to communicate with them in an emergency situation.

Shelter: But what if your home is unlivable and you have to bug out? Do you have a back up plan? Keep a supply of tents, sleeping bags and blankets in case you do have to bug out.

Warm Clothes: If you do find yourself in a situation where you have to survive without proper shelter you'll need to have warm, weatherproof clothing.

Hiking boots: You'll also want warm sturdy foot ware in case you have to travel long distances through forested areas or even on roads to get to a safe location.

A Swiss Army Knife: They have SO may uses. Don't leave home without one!

Axe: Your basic prepping supplies should also give you the ability to build a fire for warmth, water purification and food preparation. Axes are inexpensive and necessary to keep up your supply of firewood. They can also be used as protection in case of an attack.

A Firestarter: You'll need to be able to start a fire so keep firestarters such as lighters and waterproof matches on hand. You can also get pocket  Emergency Firestarters to keep in your Bug Out & EDC (every day carry) kits.

A compass: If you do need to bugout and have to avoid the roads you'll need a compass to know what direction where you're heading.

Self Defense Gear: Whether it's a knife, gun (don't forget plenty of ammo), an axe, pepper spray or all of the above get the prepping supplies you need to defend your home and family BEFORE the SHTF.

Bug Out Bags: Be prepared by having a bug out bag ready for each member of your family.

Order Your Survival Gear Here

Survival First Aid Kit - 22 Must Haves

Survival First Aid Kit

22 Items Your Family Needs to Be Prepared

 

A well stocked survival first aid kit can be one of the most important resources on your emergency preparedness checklist. In a real emergency situation hospitals become quickly overwhelmed and you may have to wait a very long time to get the attention you need.

Most families keep some type of first aid kit in their home, especially if they have children.

They’re inexpensive and easy enough to pick up at the local drug store. But a ready made kit may not be of much use for anything more than a minor cut or scrape

Keeping the right items in your own survival first aid kit could make the difference between life and death in a crisis situation. Every family needs to be able to handle minor injuries in their home.

First Aid Kit Essentials

Common Adhesive Bandages: These are standard items in even the most basic first aid kits. These types of bandages are useful for most minor cuts and scrapes. Fabric bandages tend to be more expensive but are more flexible and adhere to the skin better. Also consider adding some water proof bandages to your supply.

Larger Bandages: In a crisis situation you may be dealing with injuries that require more than just a simple band aid. You’ll need gauze pads and wrapping for more severe wounds caused by such things as gun fire or power tools. If you don’t have these things in your kit a simple alternative is sanitary napkins. They are common in most households and can be less expensive as well.

Elastic Bandages: Elastic bandages are used to support sprained joints and can also be used to secure an aluminum splint. They come in various widths and sizes, from 2-6 inches, and are important part of your survival first aid kit.

First Aid Tape: Large gauze rolls and pads usually do not come with their own adhesive and will require first aid tape to keep them in place. But there are some medical tapes made of material that is stretchy and also sticks to itself without sticking to skin so it does not cause pain when removed.

A Blood Clotting Agent: Extensive bleeding from a serious injury can cause death. Celox, a common blood clotting agent, will help stop bleeding quickly and is even effective if the injured person is on prescription blood thinners. Most people don’t keep a blood clotting agent on hand so for small to medium wounds black pepper can be used. Most people have it in their kitchens and it is a natural antibacterial that helps blood coagulate more quickly. A generous amount of black pepper (finely ground) applied with pressure to the wound and covered with a bandage should help stop the bleeding more quickly. Keep in mind that medical attention may still be required.

Antiseptics: Wounds must be thoroughly cleaned out before bandaging to kill bacteria and prevent it entering through broken skin. Hydrogen peroxide and/or rubbing alcohol are commonly used for cleaning wounds. Then an antiseptic, such as iodine, should be applied to reduce the risk of infection.

Adhesive Sutures: Adhesive sutures, also referred to as adhesive tape closures, are a good alternative to stitches for larger cuts if you are unable to get to a hospital for proper medical attention. It’s important to be sure the skin is clean and dry where the adhesive will be applied.

CPR Masks: It is common for a person administering CPR to use a CPR mask to avoid direct contact with the bodily fluids of the person they are trying to revive. This helps reduce the risk of transmitting viruses from one person to another.

A Glucosameter: These devices are used by diabetics to help monitor their blood sugar levels. Most diabetics have issues with high blood sugar but low blood pressure can also cause problems such as weakness, dizziness, confusion and unconsciousness.

A Blood Pressure Cuff: Like blood sugar, high, as well as low, blood pressure can be problematic and a key indicator of a person’s overall condition.

An Ear Thermometer: A person’s temperature is another medical vital sign to monitor. Oral thermometers are common in most households and will certainly do if needed but ear thermometers are faster as well as more accurate.

Aluminum Splints: It’s important to quickly immobilize broken bones. Many common items can be utilized to improvise a splint. But aluminum splints, which are made of aluminum strips coated with a thin layer of foam rubber, are easily configured and formed making them convenient and easy to used.

Saline Solution and an Eye Cup: A saline filled eye cup is the best way to flush chemicals, dust etc. out of the eye without the risk of further injury.

Syrup of Ipecac: Most moms, especially if they have young children in the house, will have Syrup of Ipecac on hand. It is used to induce vomiting when someone swallows a substance that is potentially poisonous.

Cold Packs: Cold packs are used to relieve the pain and swelling associated with many injuries, such as sprained ankles or wrists. It’s best to apply them quickly and they come in handy when ice is not readily available. If you don’t have a cold pack or ice, a bag of frozen peas or corn make a really good substitute!

Hand Sanitizer: The best way to clean your hands to reduce microbes and germs is to wash them with soap and water. But in an emergency situation, where soap and water are not readily available, using an alcohol based (60% alcohol or more) may be the best, if not only, option.

Antimicrobial Wipes: Like hand santizer antimicrobial wipes can be used in an emergency when soap and water are not available. They can also be purchased individually wrapped for easy storage and carry.

Rubber Gloves: Like a CPR mask, rubber gloves can help protect care givers from viruses and bacteria transmitted through person to person contact.

Magnifying Glass and Tweezers: These two items can be used to remove painful splinters which can easily become infected.

Over the Counter Pain Relievers: Once again, these are common in most households and are important and necessary in helping to help relieve pain, as well as swelling, when someone suffers from an injury.

Personal Prescription Medication: If you, or anyone in your family relies on prescription medication to maintain their health it's important to keep an emergency supply on hand. Don't wait until you're down to your last pill. You never know when an emergency could prevent you from getting your prescription refilled.

Potassium Iodide: Potassium Iodide is a salt that blocks the Thyroid gland from absorbing radioactive iodine, which helps protect it from radiation poisoning. For more detailed information on why you should include Potassium Iodide in your survival first aid kit visit the CDC Website.

Final Thoughts

Most households will have at least some of these survival first aid kit items already on hand. But there may be some items you are unfamiliar with. Once you add those items to your kit it’s also important to take the time to learn how to use them properly. In an emergency situation seconds can count and knowing how to take quick action could make a big difference when caring for someone in a serious first aid situation.

Better prepare your family for an emergency situation by taking advantage of the many instructional videos available online.

Emergency Food Supplies - How to Store Food Long Term

 

Emergency Food Supplies

How to Store Food Long Term

 

Most modern food processors and manufacturers don't bother to package food for long term storage because most people don't stockpile emergency food supplies. But preppers often store enough food to last for years.

Let's face it, the majority of food available in grocery stores isn't packaged to last more than a few months. Start checking out the expiration dates of the food you buy and you'll see what I'm talking about. The exception being canned goods which can possibly last for years as long as their seals aren't compromised.

When you purchase foods in bulk you will most likely need to repackage most of them. But when stored properly your emergency food supplies will last a long time, even up to 20 years. Proper storage will keep out pests like rodents and insects, damaging micro-organisms, as well as moisture and oxygen. This will help keep food fresh and help retain nutritional value.

What you'll need to get started...

Storage Supplies: First you'll want to gather the containers to properly store your food long term. These can include:

Mylar food storage bags (these come in a variety of sizes from 1 quart to 5 gallons)

Oxygen absorbers

Five gallon food grade buckets

The five gallon buckets are most likely available at your local home improvement center, but the Mylar bags and oxygen absorbers are harder to find so you'll probably have to order the online. All three of these items are available on Amazon.

Equipment: You'll need a vacuum with a hose to remove extra air and a hair curler/straightener or hot iron to create a seal on the mylar bags. A rubber hammer comes in handy for closing the plastic buckets but it's not necessary.

 

Fill the bags: For the food to stay fresh in long term storage you'll need to make sure it is sealed to keep oxygen out. Mylar bags work well for this because you can melt them together by applying heat to form an air tight seal. First seal the top two inches of each bag leaving a two inch opening at the end.

 

Remove excess Oxygen: Removing the oxygen before sealing the bags is the most important step in the entire process. Add an oxygen absorber through the 2 inch opening at the end of each bag. Check the directions on the oxygen absorbers you've purchased to see what size is best for each bag. You'll want to work quickly. So once you've placed the oxygen absorber in the bag use the vacuum hose to remove as much air as possible.

 

Sealing the bags: Now that you've removed as much air as possible from the bag it's time to seal it up. Hold the bag closed while sealing the last two inches with your hot iron so no air can get in. Work fast to avoid having the oxygen absorber exposed to the air in the room, making it less effective.

 

Packing the food: Place your filled and sealed Mylar bags in the buckets. You can choose to store only one type of food in each bucket, or you can fill your buckets with foods that you tend to use together. Organize your buckets in the way that suits your lifestyle best. Check out this useful tip on how to store more than one type of food in your mylar bags on the web site Ed That Matters. To save money on supplies you'll want to get as much food in each bucket as you can.

 

Close the bucket: The Mylar bags, if properly sealed, will keep your food fresh but the five gallon buckets will protect your food from rodents. Fold the flaps of the bags down and place them in the buckets. Then secure the lid of the buckets on top. Force the lid down with your hands or, if you have one, use a rubber hammer to seal the bucket tight.

 

Label the contents: Be sure to label each bucket with its contents. If you've chosen to store more than one type of food in a bucket make note of the quantity of each item. With long term food storage you most likely cannot rely on your memory to determine the contents of multiple buckets.

 

Storing your food: Your emergency food supplies needs to be kept in a cool dry place. If properly packaged your stockpile is safe from moisture but you'll want to avoid having mold or mildew growing on your buckets. In addition to that, exposure to heat can have a negative effect on the nutritional value of food so storing it in a cool place can help keep it fresher, longer.

Most emergency food supplies, when stored properly, should remain usable for up to 20 years or even longer. The combination of the air tight Mylar bags and the 5 gallon buckets to keep insects and rodents at bay can help ensure the safety of your long term food supplies.

But again, the key to this storage system is using Oxygen Absorbers. They not only protect your food from oxidation, they protect it from insects and bacteria. Like most living things insects can't survive without oxygen so even if there were insects, or insect eggs, in your supplies when you sealed them up, they will not survive in the bags/buckets. Follow these tips and your emergency food supplies should be as fresh when you need to use them as they were when they were first packaged.